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Traditional early childhood education in China currently faces both internal and external challenges changing family structures and increased influence of foreign ideas and values. The one child policy in the People’s Republic of China is altering family roles and child-rearing practices, raising concerns about the possible harmful effects of too much attention and pampering. A study of single child families in the Beijing area found that these ‘little emperors and princesses” were more egocentric, less persistent and less cooperative than children with siblings (Jiao, Guiping & Qicheng, 1986). How have these children adjusted to schools? Or have the schools changed to accommodate them?

As China becomes more open to outside contact and influence, traditional teaching comes into conflict with Western ideas about “developmentally appropriate practices” and goals of creativity, autonomy and critical thinking. Have these goals and practices, which are so prevalent in the United States today, influenced Chinese early childhood education?

In 1991, I had ample opportunity to explore such questions when I spent seven months teaching in China. I drew much of my information from observations of early childhood programs in Xi’An, where I taught at Xi’An Foreign Languages University. My conclusions are consistent with what I observed and heard in interviews with teachers, parents and teacher educators throughout China.

It is difficult to observe the ordinary functioning of a typical school in China because officially approved and arranged visits for foreigners are usually made to “model” programs and involve special arts and performances (Gentry, 1981; Shepherd, 1991). I was able, however, to arrange more informal visits through Chinese friends and travel companions. My most extensive experience was as an English language teacher in a Xi’An child care center, which was considered a typical rather than a model center. My role as a participant-observer allowed me to witness the center’s normal functioning over a period of time and gain deeper understanding of the children through personal interaction.

Three Types of Early Childhood Programs

Children enter elementary school at age 6. There are three types of early childhood program for children under 6: nurseries, kindergarten and pre-primary programs.


Caldwell, B. (1990). `’Educare”: A new professional identity. Dimensions, 18, 3-6.

Cleverley, J. (1985). The schooling of China. Sydney, Australia: George Allen & Unwin Australia Pte. Ltd.

Gentry, J. (1981). Early childhood education in the People’s Republic of China. Childhood Education, 58, 92-96.

Hawkins, J., & Stites, R. (l99l). Strengthening the future’s foundation: Elementary education reform in the People’s Republic of China. The Elementary School Journal, 92, 41-60.


My supports

I feel that support is anyone or anything that help[s me get through the day. To get a random hug from my daughter or to just see her smile fills me up with biggest supporter is my daughter with out her I don’t know were I would be in life. I can honestly say if it wasn’t for her I wouldn’t have a bachelors degree because I would have gave up, I wouldn’t have a reason to go as hard as I did. When I stop believing in myself I look at her to get back on track. When I think about a challenge that occurs in my life I just think about her. A challenge that I think about is trusting people. I’ve had a lot of people in life I thought had my best interest but that wasn’t the truth. I have a hard time trusting and believing in other people because its always been just me doing everything by myself . Raising a child by your self and still going to school and working fulltime is a lot. An to know I did it by myself with no help showed me how strong I am by myself. I’m learning now to allow people to help and allow people to support me that want to do so. Its hard always being independent  and finally having someone to be their for you. Sometimes I push my boyfriend away because I don’t know how to allow someone to help me because I’ve always had to do everything by myself and the once I did trust failed me.

Relationship Reflection

All relationships are different. A healthy relationship is very important. being or having an unhealthy relationship can be come very stressful. Some relationship last a life-time. I feel as if we meet everyone for a reason weather its forever or a lesson learned. I truly meet some of the most amazing people in college. My college friends are there for me more than some of my own family members. Any type of bond or relationship plays an important role in someone’s life.Choose relationships wisely and learn from all of them. The relationship I have with my daughter is the most important relationship in the world. She’s my best friend and I talk to her about EVERYTHING.. when I’m sad she makes me laugh when I’m crying she wipes my tears away!!



Getting to Know Your International Contacts

Persistent gaps in education and health associated with socioeconomic disadvantage impose enormous burdens on individuals, communities, and societies worldwide. NCPI is convening an interdisciplinary group of Brazilian scholars to guide the synthesis and application of scientific knowledge about child development to policymaking and practice in Brazil. In Canada they have The Alberta Family Wellness Initiative (AFWI) shares our strong belief in the power of translating the science of child development to inform public policy. AFWI was created to counter the separation between science, policy, and practice work, which hinders the real-world application of scientific knowledge. I have gain a lot of information on different view and core instructions while reading these articles. In Mexico everything is based on Innovation clusters. This allows people long-term success depends on the sustainable involvement of policymakers and funders, who help create the environment that provides the flexibility and support needed for risk-taking and experimentation.

Establishing Professional Contacts and Expanding Resources

I’m not having the best of luck with contacting someone from another century hopefully someone will see my blog but I’m really looking forward to having a pal  to share ideas with.  I place I would love to get to know more about and how their education/earlychildhood programs would be japan. Japan is know for making alot of things in the united states and I would love to follow a educator from that side of the world and learn and hope to get some ideas that I can share and use in the classroom setting .

How to Leverage the Power of Peer Education By Kulsoom Khan on December 15th, 2015 – See more at:

In India, where one-third of the population is under the age of 15 and the median age is 27, youth entrepreneurship has played a key role in redefining the social sector. Access to low-cost technology, mobile devices, and online networks has catalyzed innovative and sustainable solutions to social issues, while also addressing the lack of traditional jobs in a country of nearly 1.3 billion people. The result is a stronger, youth-led job market that is centered on addressing social issues by using the skills and technology necessary in the 21st century. Savvy grassroots organizations are taking advantage of this new wave of youth leaders, harnessing their potential and energy and adopting the principles of youth-led community organizing. The goal of these peer-education models is long-term change to end systemic problems like gender-based violence and social inequities. Peer education is the process by which mission-driven, empathetic, and well-trained individuals lead skill-building and educational activities with groups of their peers to give them the tools to bring about change – See more at:

My Connections to Play

    Imaginative play is essentially when children are role playing and are acting out various experiences they may have had or something that is of some interest to them. They are experimenting with decision making on how to behave and are also practicing their social skills. Many people often think of play in the form of images of young children at recess engaging in games of tag, ball, using slides, swings, and physically exploring their environments. But physical play is not the only kind of play. We often use the terms pretend play or make-believe play (the acting out of stories which involve multiple perspectives and the playful manipulation of ideas and emotions), that reflect a critical feature of the child’s cognitive and social development. Over the last seventy-five years a number of theorists and researchers have identified the values of such imaginative play as a vital component to the normal development of a child.


Ashiabi, G.S. (2007). Play in the preschool classroom: Its socioemotional significance and the teacher’s role in play. Early Childhood Education Journal, 35, 199-207

“My Connections to Play.”


All kids play different…… As a child I remember I never wanted to go outside and paly because I knew I would get dirty. I always would stay inside an read books. If I wasn’t reading a book I was creating a new book. Growing up my mother was always hands-on. We did arts and crafts everyday. When I was younger I was creative I would always try and make something look bold and beautiful that’s how I’am still to this day. I like be creative. In college whe we had group projects everyone would pick me to make the powerpoint because I was so creative.


Racism is defined as the belief that all members of each race possess characteristics or abilities specific to that race, especially so as to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race or races. Racism is still in this world. I’m a lesbian and I get treated different every day. When my girlfriend and I are holding hands in public you can always hear someone whispering about us or even rolling their eyes. Being apart of the gay community is stressful at times. If witness two guys getting picked on and punched on for being gay. Racism is only about your skin color but just someone judge you and mistreated you for whatever reason that’s being races.

Racism against Native Americans: with the Europeans’ arrival on North America’s shores and their systematic plan to subdue and conquer its land, came racism and bigotry against Native Americans. Europeans believed the original inhabitants of America were heathens and savages who needed to be civilized through Christianity and European culture. This led to genocide, mass murder, stolen land, attempts to wipe out Native American traditions, as well as forced assimilation through institutions like residential schools and the establishment of “Indian reservations”. As well, media portrayal of this continent’s first inhabitants as bloodthirsty savages helped justify European abuses against Native Americans. The long-term effects, among others, of this treatment include the fact that today, Native Americans have the highest suicide rate of any group in the United States, according to the National Institute of Mental Health




George M. Fredrickson is Edgar E. Robinson Professor Emeritus of United States History at Stanford University


Many infants die during sleep from unsafe sleep environments. Some of these deaths are from entrapment, suffocation, and strangulation. Some infants die from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) SIDS is the leading cause of death among infants 1 month to 1 year old, and claims the lives of about 2,500 each year in the United States. It remains unpredictable despite years of research. SIDS is the sudden and unexplained death of an infant who is younger than 1 year old. It’s a frightening prospect because it can strike without warning, usually in seemingly healthy babies. Most SIDS deaths are associated with sleep (hence the common reference to “crib death”) and infants who die of SIDS show no signs of suffering. What can you do to make sure this doesn’t happen to your child, Place your baby to sleep on a firm sleep surface, Keep soft objects, loose bedding, or any objects that could increase the risk of entrapment, suffocation, or strangulation out of the crib, Keep your baby away from smokers and places where people smoke. This topic is a touchy topic I had a little cousin that passed away from this syndrome. So learning about it an making it aware to people means a lot to me.

   In Australia, infant deaths attributed to SIDS among non-Indigenous Australians have fallen approximately 83% during the last 20 years.3 Evidence suggests that the marked reduction in SIDS incidence can be directly associated with Australian public health campaigns that promoted safe sleeping practices and, in particular, advice to parents to place infants on their backs when sleeping.4 Despite these significant reductions in infant mortality, SIDS continues to comprise the largest category of deaths occurring in the post-neonatal period (between 28 and 365 days after birth).5 However, these significant reductions in SIDS have not been observed among Indigenous Australians, and total population data from Western Australia reports a non-significant decrease in SIDS and a corresponding increasing risk ratio when comparing Indigenous infant mortality rates attributable to SIDS to that observed among

Safe Sleep and Your Baby: How Parents Can Reduce the Risk of SIDS and Suffocation (Copyright © 2012 American Academy of Pediatrics